History of rugs

History of rugs ( from ancient to modern )

The human being on this planet earth is in continuous evolution. When it comes to the rugs and their history, there is no such material humans have not tried for epochs to make and design the rugs.

Centuries ago people living in the tribes had a rug manufacturing practice by wowing the weeds and the long grasses to construct the oldest carpets that are only a primitive structure to keep the ground warm during colder days.

Coming forward over the 5000 years back there are nomadic tribes who used the hides and skin of an animal to make the rugs. Nomadic people have made the rugs by using hand-weaving techniques by using the camel, sheep and goat hairs. 

Through the extensive research by archaeologists, it has been revealed that carpets were common back over 4000 years ago during Egyptian and Mesopotamian eras.

History of rugs

One of the oldest carpets named as pazyryk carpet existed in 500 BC. This carpet was found in Siberia in 1949. Even though how old it is, the mat was designed with intricate and advanced designs, and the fibres are lovely, and colours are also great. At that time there was no professional carpet cleaning system, else pazyryk will be the best of the carpets even after the formation several thousand years ago.

The words rugs and carpets are often pronounced as the interchangeable terms. To make it somewhat more clear rugs are the floor coverings that are not precisely bonded with the floor. These unfastened fabric pieces are used as a floor covering that does not occupy the floor under completely.

The word rug is derived from the terminology “rugged’ ‘this term also defines the deeper and comparatively shaggier and more massive piles. On the other hand, carpet is the opposite of rugs carpets meant to cover the entire floor. Mats are not placed directly, they are glued and stuck to the bottom.

As far as the history of rugs is concerned, so it would be no wonder that this history is as old as the human being itself. It is in the instincts of humans to look for comfort and compliance. Human being has always desire to have a Cosy atmosphere.

No matter what if it is about the caveman or modern human being, nature is still the same. The men living in the caves have found out the rugs or the carpets to cover themselves and to have a warming effect in the colder days by using the fur of animals.

selection of rugs

Despite these facts, human of today has no such inherent needs because of the continuous revolution, but we are still inclined and motivated towards using the rugs in our homes.

Use of rugs as floor covers is since the evolution of humans. First of all, they were used to sleep to provide comfort and protected sleep. It was used because of the quality of providing warmth during the cold days. However, time passed, and by using the animal skin and all the related materials rug trade was started.

Rugs were the sources by which the people get enough to feed by selling them in different parts of the globe. Starting from the animal skins and hides nowadays, there is enough technology and advanced that now there are human made and synthetic materials by which rugs are constructed.

Given below is the brief history of rugs that how they came into existence? What was the method of production? How were the rugs designed? How are the patterns impregnated?

Seventeenth-century Rugs

Starting from the 17th and 18th centuries, oriental rugs were made up of wool, and with time, some silk pieces were used as the prayer mats. People at that time have no precise idea about weaving techniques, and they use the hair of camels and goats. After some time, people learned to weave the different materials and end up using the grasses and other plant material for making the rugs.

Egyptian Rugs

There are no precise shreds of evidence about the rug-making era. Clothes and fragments of textiles have been found from almost all of the continents of Asia dating back to the thousands of years. Most primitive rugs have been believed to have originated from the orient. Around the world, Egypt is accredited for the formation of the first rug that was around 3000 BC. Time passed, and the weaving method got improved and gradually designs and patterns became more intricate and well elaborated.

Pazyryk Rug

Pazyryk was known to be the earliest rug. The evidence was found in the Siberian tombs Back in 4000 BC. Piles are made up of the fabrics that are made up of the weaved and extensively knotted thread; these are the high rise surfaces under the rug.

Coming toward the 12th century A.D weaving of the pile rug was first observed in India and from its foundation over here it got viral around the all over the east.

In between the era of 1100-1200 A.D, some activists travelled through the Middle East and introduced the rugs in Europe.

European Era Rugs

Europe began to make the hand-knotted rugs at the beginning of the 13 th century after this rug manufacturing industry got widespread because many people who got entered in France are known for having several carpet manufacturing practices over here.

Rug manufacturing was a flourished business in Persia in the 14th and 15th centuries, and it was at the height of its glory during the Shah Abbas supremacy in the 16 th century.


Isfahan central place in Persia was the hub of the rug industry that created the intricate pattern of rugs that are with fantastic colour combinations and with deep weaved piles.

Coming towards the quality of the Persian rugs, Persian rugs that are of high and fine quality have almost 1000 knots per square inch. Persian and Turkish rugs were imported in the western countries during the 15 th century. Pile rug manufacturing was started in England in the 1500s.

As time passed during the time of supremacy of King Henry, some Persian people invaded Paris and left their original location. These weavers were so professional that they started working in the palace of Paris during the 1600s.

During the year 1628, a carpet factory originated in France. French people had a clear idea of weaving, and they began to make rugs in France with excellent pile quality and vibrant, beautiful colours. These rugs had a deep background that clearly defines the oriental touch.

At the beginning of the year, 1700, England became the hub of rug and carpet manufacturing industries. And the English community developed the power looms around the year 1780.

Embroidered rugs were designed and crafted first in France and later on it was known for the best rugs in the town. Aubusson in France has become the trademark for all the rugs and carpet woven there.

This place is known for its best rugs. Brussels became a significant place for the manufacturing of such carpets in the 16 th century, and by the 18th century it had become the central place for rug making,

Revolution in weaving

With the advancement in technology, Wilton weave came into existence with better and advanced hand-knotting practice. In North America, braided rugs were the most commonly known rugs rag rugs and the other such kinds made up from the scraps of clothes.

IN US the first carpet making factory was developed in 1791 in Philadelphia. French weavers got trained with time, and they introduced the jacquard weaving in the 1800s.

Nineteenth-century Rugs

In us the first carpet making was done in 1971.however in the west up to 19 th century most famous, and standard floor covers are designed by using the flat woven fabrics. Because these are cost-friendly and most of the people could easily afford them. Oriental and hand woven rugs are costly. Demands for unique oriental rugs go on increasing and continued even in the 19 th century. They suit well with the Italian and European furniture styles.

Twentieth century Rugs

At the beginning of the 20th century, the decoration trend got more straightforward and more accessible. During the beginning of this century, oriental rugs eventually got out of the movement. Oriental rugs were replaced by the machine-made mats that were mostly of single colours with simple overall patterns. Decoration becomes relatively more comfortable with available colours rather than bold, complex colours and patterns.

Eggplant and beige were considered to be the rug colour of the 20th century because they get merged with all the colour schemes.By the 1950s carpets were designed and constructed by using the tufting machines, this trend was common in this era as compared to the handwoven techniques.

21st century Rugs

By reaching in the 21 st-century rugs became staple and got prevalence all-around greater than ever with the hardwood flooring. Nowadays they are only available in a variety of colours and sizes, but they also exist in different shapes and styles. These rugs fulfil all the needs of the consumers.

Large sized rugs can be used as the wall to wall carpets and wall draperies as well. Mats are designed in such a way that they can expose the corners and only settle in between the space.

Area rugs are a medium-sized rug, and it is mainly used to create asymmetry in the room. Area rugs unify the overall location and are best for various activities. They exist in a variety of styles such as traditional, transitional and contemporary with a modern twist. They are available in a wide variety such as oval oblong, oval, rectangular and circular.

Accent rugs are relatively smaller than the area rugs. They are used to add the colours in the floor. They perform dual functions; they are functional as well as practical.

One thing that is common in both rugs and carpets is that both get soil for walking purposes as well. Cleaning can be done at home as well as by the professional services. You must have a clear idea and knowledge about rug cleaning. This is a worthy investment. 

Having exact know-how about the type of rug, place of origin, age, and fibre will save your time a lot. You can save a lot of time as well, and within a reasonable budget, you can get a better product. Rugs are delicate pieces and need much more care as compared to the carpets.


Rugs are now designed and constructed by using machines. Machine made rugs are relatively less expensive and can be afforded by most of the people. And made rugs are still important because of their artistic effects and their cultural importance.

These rugs are unique, and an interesting fact is that machine-made mats can never replace the real beauty of these rugs. Handmade rugs are still old in large amounts all around the world.

Rug cleaning is integral to all kinds of rugs. No matter what style colour and size you have opted for your home but cleaning is essential.


You can get your favourite style and colour of the rugs at the rug gallery Columbus. Rug gallery in Dublin has a wide range of ancient and modern rugs. You can see from the handwoven rugs to machine-made rugs at the rug store.

Rug store offers you the excellent quality and cost-friendly rugs with a useful rug guide so that the piece you have selected for will be a life time investment.  

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